Linux下安装Nginx并配置一个图片服务器

首先到Nginx官网下载tar.gz格式的安装包,这里下载的是nginx-1.10.3版本,环境使用centos6的虚拟机

1、将安装包上传,解压,命令tar -xvf nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz;

2、自定义创建一个文件夹作为Nginx安装目录,这里在home下创建nginx文件夹;

3、在解压的文件夹(nginx-1.10.3)下执行./configure --prefix=/home/nginx 命令。
意思即配置安装环境,将会把Nginx安装到/home/nginx下;

若没有gcc,先安装
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake make

若出现缺少依赖包则先安装依赖包,以下纯净centos mini版碰到的两个依赖包问题

出现上面这个执行 yum -y install pcre-devel 安装依赖,


出现这个yum install -y zlib-devel 安装依赖,

若还有其他依赖问题,根据缺少的文件提示安装相应的东西;

4、编译:在解压的文件夹下先后执行make 和 make install 命令

5、Nginx默认使用端口是80,这里直接先把Nginx端口改为8088,vi /home/nginx/conf/nginx.conf,修改server的端口,并配置一个图片服务器

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#user nobody;
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;

#pid logs/nginx.pid;


events {
worker_connections 1024;
}


http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

#log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
# '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
# '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

#access_log logs/access.log main;

sendfile on;
#tcp_nopush on;

#keepalive_timeout 0;
keepalive_timeout 65;

#gzip on;

server {
listen 8088;
server_name localhost;

#charset koi8-r;

#access_log logs/host.access.log main;

location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png)$ {
expires 24h;
root /home/images/;#指定图片存放路径
access_log /home/nginx/logs/images.log;#图片 日志路径
proxy_store on;
proxy_store_access user:rw group:rw all:rw;
proxy_temp_path /home/images/;#代理临时路径
proxy_redirect off;

proxy_set_header Host 127.0.0.1;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
client_max_body_size 10m;
client_body_buffer_size 1280k;
proxy_connect_timeout 900;
proxy_send_timeout 900;
proxy_read_timeout 900;
proxy_buffer_size 40k;
proxy_buffers 40 320k;
proxy_busy_buffers_size 640k;
proxy_temp_file_write_size 640k;
if ( !-e $request_filename)
{
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8088;#代理访问地址
}
}

location / {
root html;
index index.html index.htm;
}

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}


# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
# listen 8000;
# listen somename:8080;
# server_name somename alias another.alias;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}


# HTTPS server
#
#server {
# listen 443 ssl;
# server_name localhost;

# ssl_certificate cert.pem;
# ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

# ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m;
# ssl_session_timeout 5m;

# ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
# ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

# location / {
# root html;
# index index.html index.htm;
# }
#}

}

server下listen的端口改为8088,并增加一个location配置,用于访问图片文件,这一串配置有#号在前面的注释掉的都可以删掉,免得看起来又长又乱。

6、启动命令: /home/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /home/nginx/conf/nginx.conf。
打开防火墙对应端口供访问,8088,当然也可以直接关了防火墙。
若修改了nginx.conf配置,则需要重启才生效,命令:/home/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

7、访问。
输入ifconfig命令查看虚拟机ip,测试:

在/home/images下放张图片,测试访问:
doge